Hatshepsut is one of the most famous Egyptian women, first and foremost because she took on the role of pharaoh. She also embarked on a remarkable building campaign during her reign, culminating in a wonderful temple at Deir el-Bahri. The reign of her successor Thutmose III saw the attempt at the erasure of her legacy. He struck her name and images from the very stone walls she erected and had statues dedicated to her defaced. Thus, this fragment is important in providing researchers another glimpse into the life of this amazing woman.
After her reign, Hatshepsut was expunged from Egyptian history, but a carving of her likeness has turned up in Swansea University.